Nutrition Tips For Specific Breeds of Dogs

Your dog requires good nutrients to develop well. Reputable manufacturers work hard to create the right combination of proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, and fats for dog foods.

All the same, you need to bear in mind that different breeds/types of dogs have different needs. Some foods are designed for the smaller breeds, while others are for the larger ones.

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It’s important that you feed your dog its breed specific food. Let’s have a look at this in details.

Nutrition Tips for Toy Breeds

The Toy Breed is an adorable one, probably because of its small size. Also, people find them quite easy to care for because of their diminutive size.

All Toy Breeds, including the Shi Tzu’s and the tiny terriers, require a healthy nutrition to enjoy a good quality life

What to Look for in Toy Breed Dog Food

  • Ensure that the foods meet the highest standards of manufacture.

Look for foods manufactured in countries that have stringent regulations on the manufacture of dog food. Countries like the US, Australia, New Zealand, France, Germany, and Britain come to mind.

  • Ensure that the food contains Whole Protein

The Toy Breed needs meat more than any other component of its diet. As such, look out for ingredients like turkey, chicken, beef, and fish.

  • Avoid foods with Meat By-products and unidentified meat

Although they may not be very good for human consumption, meat meals are a valuable component if dog food. However, some manufacturers try to sneak in inferior ingredients under the guise meat meals.

  • Avoid artificial additives

Some foods contain unnecessary additives. These may trigger life-threating allergies in your Toy Breed pet. Instead, opt for foods made with natural ingredients.

Nutrition Tips for Small Breeds

It’s not always easy to find the right food for the small breeds of dogs. Contrary to what many people think, small size dogs actually require more calories per pound than their larger counterparts.

This is because their metabolism is more active. Also, the face more health concerns than their grown-up cousins.

This means that you need to be very keen regarding the nutrients you feed them. Now, this is the tricky part

Some unscrupulous manufacturers know the hard times that small breed owners have to contend with looking for dog food. As such, they have flooded the market with all kinds of junk in the name of small breed dog food.

Be very diligent as you enter this market. You can involve your vet in the search. The vet has the latest information on dog nutrition and food recalls.

Your vet is likely to recommend foods that pack many calories per pound. However, take care not to over-feed your pet on calories. The concern about obesity in small breeds is real.

Nutrition Tips for Medium Breeds

A number of factors come into play when you are looking to feed you medium breed dog. You need to bear in mind that they have different needs from the smaller breeds and the larger breeds. Examples of these dogs include the Cocker Spaniel and the Border collie.

Here are a few things you should bear in mind:

How active is your dog?

A very active medium dog needs more calories than a less active one. Of course, the actual breed of the dog also affects its levels of activeness, regardless of age.

Most small and medium dogs are very active. As such, they require more calories.

But, medium breeds are prone to being obese, just like their smaller counterparts. It is dangerous for them to be obese because of the congenital issues associated with these breeds. It is common for them to suffer from loose kneecaps and patellar luxation.

We have shown the ideal fat and protein content for this breed below:

  • Dry Food: 15-25% fat, 20-30% protein
  • Wet Food: 4-8% fat, 6-10% protein

Your Dog’s Dental Health

Small and medium dog breeds are more prone to dental issues than other dogs. They are likely to suffer from plaque, which morphs into big problems if you do not take care of them.

It is important that you consider feeding them crunch foods. These are good at reducing tartar and plaque buildup. As such, every meal should have a portion of dry food. Also, encourage it to crunch the food, instead of just inhaling or gulping.

Water is Life!

All breeds of dogs require sufficient amounts of water on a daily basis. But, to your medium dog, water is life, literally.

Medium dogs are more prone to bladder stones than their larger counterparts are. You can help your dog avoid this predicament by increasing their water intake.

Also, you can consider giving the wet foods more regularly to help their bodies replenish any lost water. Look for foods that have a specific formula for medium dogs. Feeding them such foods will enable them to avert diseases and to live happier, more fulfilling lives.

Nutrition Tips for Large Breeds

Most owners of large breeds show great pride in their dogs. To enhance the life of your dog, you need to understand its nutritional needs.

A large dog requires a high-quality diet that is formulated properly. To determine what is best for your canine companion, consider the following:

How Much Food does Your Large Breed Dog Require

Each dog is unique in its own way. As such, you need to tailor any recommendations you receive regarding your dog’s nutrition.

Again, your vet comes in handy in this matter. They will take into account your dog’s weight through body condition score’ to give you sound advice concerning how much you need to feed the dog.

What’s the Price of Large Breed Dog Food

Large breed dogs are heavy eaters. As such, expect to pay more to feed it.

Resist the temptation to go for cheaper brands. Yes, this may save you money I the short term, but it will compromise the health of your canine friend.

You’ll get some dog foods that are reasonably priced. But, don’t shy from investing in good food. It could mean all the difference in terms of health for your dog.

The Best Food for Your Large Breed

So, what should you buy for your dog? We don’t have a quick answer to this. You know your pet best. You can conduct due diligence and determine the best brand for your dog.

We know that one brand doesn’t fit all. Consult your vet to help you determine the best nutrition plan.

Nutrition Tips for Extra-large Breeds

Large Breed dogs have special nutritional needs throughout their lives. This is because they have relatively larger body structures.

Giant breeds like Great Danes, Newfoundlands, German Shepherds, Boxer, and Dalmatians grow to be over 100 pounds.

How Much Food does a Large Breed Dog Require?

Large breed dogs grow quite rapidly. This can cause some unforeseen health complications. As such, it’s important that you choose nutrition that fortifies their health.

Take care not to over-feed a large breed puppy. They may show signs of accelerated growth. This affects their joints and bones. Try to achieve a slow, controlled growth rate.

Look for puppy food that specifies it is for large breeds. Alternatively, you can introduce your dog to adult formula from the age of 7 months.

Generally, your large breed puppy needs the following:

  • Dry food: over 20% protein, 10-15% fat, calcium less than 2%
  • Canned food: over 5% protein, 4-5% fat, calcium less than 2%

Your adult large breed needs the following:

  • Dry food: over 20-30% protein, 12-16% fat
  • Canned food: over 6-10% protein, 4-6% fat

Large breed dogs are gentle as well as protective. As such, they provide the kind of companionship that any pet owner yearn for. By caring for them well, you’ll enjoy this for many years.


Different breeds react differently when it comes to certain foods. Some are more prone to allergies than others are.

Be on the lookout for signs of flatulence, swollen eyelids, itching, and stomach issues. These are telltale signs of allergy. Your vet will help you eliminate the culprit ingredients.

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